PROSTATE CANCER IS the second deadliest cancer for men. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screenings can help save lives by detecting the cancer early in its development.
“I recommend PSA screening in men between 50 and 70 years old who are expected to live another 10 years and have no additional risk factors for prostate cancer,” says Christopher Tornehl, MD, urologist at HSHS Sacred Heart Hospital. “AfricanAmerican men and men with a family history of prostate cancer are at higher risk for the disease and should consider beginning PSA screenings around age 45.”
HOW IT WORKS
A blood draw is taken for the screening, which examines the level of PSA in the blood. Typically, a higher level of this antigen is linked to a higher risk of prostate cancer, but this is not always the case.
“About 25 percent of men with elevated PSA will wind up being diagnosed with prostate cancer,” Dr. Tornehl says.
If both a PSA screening and a digital rectal exam suggest the presence of prostate cancer, a prostate biopsy may be performed for a final diagnosis. In some cases, a physician may recommend active surveillance instead of treatment for slow-growing prostate cancer.
“During active surveillance, we monitor the progression of prostate cancer to determine when and if treatment becomes necessary,” Dr. Tornehl says
To take the Prostate Cancer Aware Assessment, visit sacredhearteauclaire.org/
medical-services/urology or call 715.835.6548 to schedule a urology